So you want to climb Kilimanjaro, but don’t know a thing about it?
This guide is for you. It takes the most frequently asked questions and common misconceptions about climbing Kilimanjaro and sets the record straight. Let’s dive right in.
How to Climb Kilimanjaro for Beginners
Mount Kilimanjaro is located in Tanzania, a country in East Africa.
Kilimanjaro is 19,340 feet tall. For comparison, the world’s tallest building, the Burj Khalifa in Dubai, is 2,722 feet tall. Everest Base Camp is 17,600 feet high; its peak is 29,029 feet high;
Kilimanjaro is famous due to a few reasons. First, because it is the tallest peak in Africa, making it one of the Seven Summits. Second, the mountain has a permanent though shrinking icecap which appears unusual for being in a place with a such a warm year round climate. Third, in 1936 Ernest Hemingway wrote a short story entitled “The Snows of Kilimanjaro,” which was made into a film in 1952.
It varies. Kilimanjaro can be completed in as little as five days or as many as nine days depending on the selected route. There are six main routes for climbing Kilimanjaro which originate from several points around the mountain.
It depends on the route. It is often reported that half of the people who attempt to climb will fail. However this can be mitigated by choosing longer routes that increase the success rate dramatically. The best routes take 8 or 9 days and have 85% to 95% success rates. Some operators encourage visitors to book the cheapest and “easiest” 5 day Marangu Route, also known as the “Tourist” route. Unfortunately, this route actually has the lowest success rate because it is too short for acclimatization for most people.
Mostly it’s the elevation. At the peak, there is about half the oxygen in the air as there is at sea level. Operating in a low oxygen environment stresses the body. The body needs to adapt to high altitude to continue functioning or risk becoming sick. Gradual ascent is the key to decreasing the chances of altitude sickness.
Kilimanjaro is a hiking peak. There is no technical climbing and very little exposure (risk of injury due to a fall) or steep drop offs on the trails. There are some short sections where some scrambling is required (use of hands and feet), but the vast majority of the climb only involves trekking.
Kilimanjaro is not dangerous relative to other high peaks, but there are about 10 deaths reported every year out of the approximately 30,000 people who climb, mostly due to acute mountain sickness (AMS). Having good guides who have the right medical training is very important for all climbers.
Yes. It is a requirement for anyone climbing Kilimanjaro to be accompanied by a guide who is licensed by Kilimanjaro National Park. Most people who climb have a team of crew members consisting of a lead guide, assistant guide, cook and porters.
You don’t have to be an Olympic athlete or superhuman. A reasonable degree of fitness is sufficient for most people to have a successful climb. The best advice is for everyone to arrive in great shape. Don’t underestimate the climb because you know someone did it who you believe was not fit. Train for the adventure.
The best time to climb Kilimanjaro is during one of the two dry seasons. The region does not have four seasons given its location in Tanzania; it has wet and dry seasons. The main dry season is from July to October. The second dry season is from December to February. Both of these windows are great for climbing Kilimanjaro. Don’t come during the wet season unless you are an experienced backpacker (and even then, we don’t recommend it).
Yes. For the most part, when climbing Kilimanjaro, you are camping (there is one route that has sleeping huts). We provide foam sleeping pads and rental sleeping bags.
Some people think Kilimanjaro doesn’t get cold because it’s in hot Africa. Conversely, the top of the mountain is very cold and windy, especially at night. The coldest temperatures one would experience here usually range between 20F and -20F (-7C to -29C).
Campfires are not allowed on the mountain. There is simply not enough wood to support open fires. Cooks use propane stoves to prepare meals.
On a fully supported Kilimanjaro expedition, the food is prepared by a mountain chef and his team. The entrees that are served typically are western style dishes that a visitor would find familiar and delicious, such as spaghetti with meat sauce, fried chicken with fries, chicken curry with rice, beef stew with potatoes. Ultimate Kilimanjaro® clients will even get a taste of local foods such as ugali and cabbage, and sweet desserts.
There are public toilets at each campsite, but they are filthy. We bring a private, portable toilet on every climb for our clients. The commode itself is plastic. A tent, which is shaped and sized like a phone booth, covers it for privacy. This is set up at every campsite. If you have to urinate or defecate while hiking, go behind a bush or rock.
There are no showers on Kilimanjaro. If you must, bring wet wipes and towel off when you feel funky. Or you can use the water we supply to rinse off here and there. Otherwise, get over it. Sure, you might smell but so will everyone else.
Climb prices in the industry are all over the board. Our most popular route, the 8 day Lemosho Route, retails for around $3,000. Park fees alone account for much of the cost, followed by staff wages. Budget companies, who offer very poor services, may run this climb for less than $2,000. Luxury companies sell this same service for up to $6,000. Don’t pick an operator because it seemed like a “good deal” or “looked good” on their website.
The best operators, like Ultimate Kilimanjaro®, have a long standing reputation for quality in their staff, equipment, food, and service. Only climb with guides are medically trained to handle emergencies. The best companies will have consistently outstanding reviews from customers and be respected by their peers in the industry.
Climbing Kilimanjaro does require quite a bit of gear. The climb goes through several distinct ecological zones, starting in the rainforest and peaking in the arctic zone. The clothing you take on the mountain needs to be able to keep you warm and dry through cold and wet weather conditions. You will need some technical clothing (waterproof, insulated, breathable fabrics), good footwear, and equipment (sleeping bag, day pack, duffel bag). Tents are provided. See the Ultimate Kilimanjaro® Gear List.
“Whether you think you can, or you think you can’t – you’re right.” – Henry Ford
Ford’s statement is true for Kilimanjaro. As long as you put effort into your preparation and follow our guidelines, you can definitely climb Kilimanjaro – safely and successfully. Join us on the summit! We’d love to have you. Contact us for more information.
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